Cardiovascular History – Shortness of Breath
-take the patient’s name, date of birth and occupation
-during exertion how far can you walk on hill, flat or stairs before shortness of breath.
-how many pillows do you sleep with ( associated with pulmonary edema where the fluid is built in the lung which leads to orthopnea. Present with shortness of breath when lying flat due to redistribution of fluid over a greater surface area of the lungs)
-do you wake at night gasping for air due to shortness of breath ( paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea – worsening orthopnea / heart failure)
-any shortness of breath at rest / due to left heart failure
-any other symptoms such as wheeze, cough, pink frothy sputum, hemoptysis, pain on inspiration or pleuritic pain.
Kembara's Health Solutions
Discovering the world of health and medicine.