What is Medicine – What Is Retinal Detachment?
Retinal detachment is a condition where the retina is separated from the choroid.
This happens when there is a tear in the retinal which leads to the vitreous fluid to get under the retina.
The vitreous fluid fill the space between the choroid and the retina.
The blood vessels of the choroid supply the retina. Any retinal detachment may lead to sight threatening.
The risk factors of developing retinal detachment include traumatic eye injury, diabetic retinopathy, posterior vitreous detachment, older age, retinal malignancy and family history.
The retinal detachment may present with peripheral loss of vision which is sudden and present as shadow coming across the vision. Besides that, the patient may also present with flashes and floaters as well as blurred or distorted vision.
The management of central retinal vein occlusion may include treatment with detailed assessment of the retina for patient presenting with painless flashes and floaters to detect the present of retinal tears and detachment.
Retinal tears treatment may include cryotherapy and laser therapy. The purpose is to create adhesions between the choroid and retina to prevent detachment.
Retinal detachment treatment may include vitrectomy, scleral buckling and pneumatic retinopexy to reattach the retina.
The purpose of retinal detachment treatment is to reattach the retina and reduce the pressure or traction which may cause repeated detachment.
Vitrectomy involves removing the relevant part of the vitreous body and replace it with oil and gas.
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