Atypical pneumonia may be caused by mycoplasma pneumoniae. Serological testing may detect the present of mycoplasma penumoniae.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae consists of sterols containing cell membrane with deficiency of the cell wall.
The virulence factor for mycoplasma pneumoniae may include P1 adhesion protein. P1 adhesion protein will bind to the epithelial cells which lead to reduction in ciliated clearance, ciliostasis and destruction of the cells.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae may cause upper respiratory tract infection such as otitis media, pharyngitis and tracheobronchitis and lower respiratory tract infection. The common mode of transmission is inhalation of the respiratory droplets.Mycoplasma pneumoniae may also present with rashes.
The common treatment may include antibiotics such as erythromycin and tetracycline.
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