Cat Bite Fever
Cat bite fever is caused by pasteurella multocida.
Pasteurella multocida is gram negative bipolar staining rod. The most common mode of transmission of pasteurella multocida is via the bites from the cats.
The virulence factors for pasteurella multocida may include capsule, cell wall endotoxin and hyaluronidase. Patient may present with cellulitis or chronic cases of respiratory disorders ( common in immunocompromised individuals.)
Pasteurella multocida is part of the normal flora of the cat.
It is advisable to avoid and consider proper washing and cleaning of the cat bites. Antibiotic such as penicillin, tetracycline and cephalosporin is given to the infected patient.
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