Dengue fever is cause by dengue virus. Dengue virus will inoculated into the bloodstream by the mosquito. Dengue virus will be spreads to cells of the monocyte - macrophages lineage within the vasculature of the target organ.
Dengue virus is a member of the flavivirus. Dengue fever is an acute febrile illness. Dengue fever may be mild, moderate to severe. There is a possibility of fatality. The common symptoms of dengue fever may include rash, myalgia, headache, retro ocular pain and pain in the bone. Dengue fever is also known as breakbone fever.
The common complication of dengue fever may include dengue shock syndrome and dengue hemorrhagic fever. Dengue shock syndrome and dengue hemorrhagic fever may be caused by activation of the complement, release of cytokines, activation of the lymphocytes and damage to the tissue. Dengue shock syndrome and dengue hemorrhagic fever is characterized by skin hemorrhage, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, shock, coma and death.
Dengue fever is an endemic in southeast asia. Dengue fever is detected via the present of virus specific IgM antibody. There is no treatment for dengue fever. The treatment is supportive treatment and prevention of dengue virus by controlling the mosquito vector( mosquito net, insect propellant).
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