Mumps may present with symptoms such as malaise, headache, fever and parotitis. Parotitis is an enlargement / swelling of the parotid gland which is painful. The complication of mumps may include orchitis ( swelling and inflamed testis) aseptic meningitis, encephalitis and sterility.
Enlargement of the parotid gland is due to inflammation which lead to infiltration of the lymphocytes and edematous lesion.
Mumps is cause by paramyxovirus ( mumps virus). Mumps virus can be detected by serological analysis of mumps virus specific antibody. Mumps virus is a single serotype paramyxovirus.
The mode of transmission may include respiratory droplets, urine or salivary droplets. Mumps is a very contagious disease.
Mumps initially infect the epithelial cells of the respiratory system which later spread to the regional lymph nodes and later disseminated to the central nervous system and salivary gland.
There are no treatments for mumps. The prevention of mumps may include administrating live attenuated mumps virus vaccine which is given in combination with rubella and measles vaccine.
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