Muskrat fever is caused by Francisella tularensis which is a gram positive bacteria. Serology testing , flurorescent antibody assays and cysteine rich media are considered in diagnosing the present of Francisella tularensis. Francisella tularensis may produce beta lactamases.
Francisella tularensis may survive in reticuloendothelial cells.
Muskrat fever is highly contagious. The common symptoms and signs may include oculoglandular conjunctivitis, ulcerglandular disease, pulmonary disorders, typhoidal disease, glandular disorders and gastrointestinal discomfort.
The common mode of transmission may include ingestion of contaminated meat, inhalation of the air droplets or infected tick bites.
The virulence factors of francisella tularensis may include endotoxin and anti phagolytic capsule.
The prevention method may include avoiding of tick bites. Streptomycin is useful in treating Muskrat fever. A vaccine is considered in treating high risk patient.
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