Norovirus can be detected by polymerase chain reaction. Norovirus is part of the calicivirus family.
Norovirus will destroy the enterocytes by infecting the small bowel. There will be malabsorption of nutrients and water which lead to reduction in motility of the gastric.
Norovirus is associated with acute gastroenteritis. Patient may present with fever, abdominal cramp, nausea, vomiting and watery diarrhea.
The common mode of transmission include fecal oral route. The incubation period of norovirus is approximately 1 day with the illness lasting for 1- 2 days.
Norovirus may be spread by direct person to person contact or ingestion of contaminated water and food.
Norovirus infection is prevented with proper hygiene such as hand washing.
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