Protozoan vaginitis is caused by urogenital flagellate protozoa which is trichomonas vaginalis.
Trichomonas vaginalis can be detected by microscopic examination which may reveal the present of oval trophozoites which move in a jerky pattern with the help of four anterior flagella.
Trichomonas vaginalis infection may lead to vaginitis. Vaginitis may present with itching and burning erythematous vagina with greenish, yellow watery foul smelling discharge.
Trichomonas vaginalis may be transmitted via childbirth or sexual contact. Trophozoites will lead to destruction of the epithelial cells and activation of the inflammation of the host cell.
Men may also be infected with trichomonas vaginalis which may lead to prostatitis and urethritis.
Antibiotic such as metronidazole is useful in treating patient with protozoan vaginitis.
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