Rotavirus may cause acute cases of viral gastroenteritis which is common in children age 6 - 24 months.
The common symptoms and signs of rotavirus / gastroenteritis may include fever,non bloody diarrhea and vomiting and nausea.
Rotavirus infection can be confirmed by enzyme immunoassay. Rotavirus antigen in the stool will be detected.
The common mode of transmission is fecal oral route.
Rotavirus will lyses the enterocytes of the small intestine. The villi will be stunted due to the damaged of the enterocytes. Patient may suffer from loss of protein and loss of sodium.
There will also be decreased in the production of digestive enzymes and decreased in the absorptive surface area of the intestine due to the damage of the mucosal layer of the small intestine. Patient may suffer from hyperosmotic effect which lead to diarrhea.
Severe rotavirus infection may occur mostly in immunocompromised patient or malnutrition individual.
The treatment may include oral rehydration to replace fluid and electrolytes loss,
The common complication of severe diarrhea are loss of electrolytes and dehydration. Good personal hygiene and improved sanitation may reduce the risk of infection.
Kembara's Health Solutions
Discovering the world of health and medicine.