Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is caused by staphylococcus aureus. Staphylococcal aureus commonly present in anterior nares and vagina.
Staphylococcus may produce heat stable enterotoxins, alpha, beta, delta, gamma, leukocidins cytolyctic toxins, exfoliate toxins, enzyme such as lipase, coagulase, catalase, fibrinolysin an hyaluronidase and toxic shock syndrome toxin.
Staphylococcus aureus infection may lead to food poisoning mostly by intoxication. Besides that staphylococcus aureus may also lead to condition such as toxic shock syndrome, bullous impetigo, staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, acute endocarditis, carbuncles, pneumonia, folliculitis, styes, furuncles, osteomyelitis, pneumonia and organ abscess.
Staphylococcal aureus is transmitted via direct contact. Staphylococcal is gram positive cocci, catalase positive which produce coagulase and able to ferment mannitol. Staphylococcal has a beta hemolytic properties on the blood agar plate. The component of staphylococcal aureus may include protein A, peptidoglycan and capsules.
Staphylococcal aureus should be prevented with hand washing, proper wound cleaning, and good surgical practice.Staphylococcal aureus can be treated with oxacillin, methicillin and nafcillin and vancomycin.
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