What Is Microbiology - Trichinosis
Trichinosis may present with gastrointestinal symptoms and signs such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea ( intestinal stage). Several weeks later, patient may present with fever, rash, splinter hemorrhage, myalgia, periorbital edema, conjunctival bleeding and respiratory arrest ( tissue stage).
Trichinella spiralis is the causes of trichinosis. Trichinella spiralis is a nematode roundworm which can be detected from the larvae which present in the striated muscle specimen biopsy.
Transmission of trichinosis occur due to ingestion of undercooked pork or deer meat. After ingestion, the larvae will invade intestinal wall and finally spread through the bloodstream into different organs and grow into adults . There will be intrauterine embryonated eggs rising from the adult females.
There will be eosinophilic inflammatory response elicited by the the worms. The treatment of trichinosis may include avoiding eating undercooked meat and medication such as thiabendazole or mebendazole is given.
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